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The countdown begins for going back to school: this is the Health protocol and each Autonomous Community


Just three weeks remain until the school year begins, the first of the so-called new normal, marked by how the previous one ended and by the fear of a second wave of Covid-19. Both the Ministry of Health and the CCAA have prepared -and continue- protocols and measures to ensure safety when returning to the classrooms. However, both teachers and parents agree to express their concern and doubts.

Dr. Fernando Simón has assured that the Government and the CCAA have been working for months "very conscientiously" in the return to school and "there are procedures and protocols and recommendations on how to act and organize schools and colleges". Although more meetings will be held to better detail some of the protocols, it is foreseeable that all conditions will pass through the reduction in the number of students per class and the rigorous health monitoring of the centers.

For the part that touches him Ministry of Health propose to create stable groups of coexistence, divide the centers into blocks or sectors, adapt the spaces, establish the figure of Covid delegates and define the scenarios based on which it will be decided if the training will be carried out in person, online or mixed. Meanwhile, many of the CCAA have raised three scenarios: the total presence if the pandemic is more or less controlled; the mixed one, combining face-to-face with coexistence groups of about twenty students and online teaching, and the totally telematic one, if incorporation into the classroom is impossible.

So in Andalusia There will be coexistence groups in Primary Education, schedules will be made more flexible, allowing teaching in the afternoon, and a coordinator will be appointed in charge of having permanent contact with the nearest health center. In Aragon, the creation of different arrival and departure shifts will be favored and coexistence groups will be promoted in Infant and Primary. If outbreaks are detected, the temporary closure of classrooms or centers will be studied.

A maximum of 20 students per classroom in Nursery and 400 new incorporations of teaching staff is what they propose in Asturias. In Balearics has already defined its own and specific contingency plan for each case and in Canary Islands they clearly bet on face-to-face education except in very extreme cases. Mandatory mask, reduction of groups and greater social distance will be the measures of Cantabria, where families will have to sign a responsible declaration.

In Castilla la Mancha the personnel will be able to carry out PCR voluntarily and the regional Executive will distribute up to one million masks and hydroalcoholic gel for students and teachers. Stable groups will also be mandatory in Castile and Leon, where the use of a mask will be mandatory if the number of students per classroom exceeds the expected ratios and the minimum safety distance cannot be respected.

In Catalonia they are committed to staggering entrances and exits and recesses, a mandatory mask and stable coexistence groups. In addition, if a positive case is detected, the protocol provides for isolation for 14 days, with the possibility of closing the entire center if there are two or more cases in different groups. In the Valencian CommunityFurthermore, the possibility of using prefabricated classrooms will be established if there are not enough spaces in the center itself so that students can maintain their distances.

For its part, Estremadura prioritizes the telematic organization of some tasks, similar to Madrid, where there will be digitalization in the classrooms and online education in all settings from 5th grade to Secondary. In Galicia they plan to quarantine an entire class when there is a confirmed case, closing the entire center if three or more positive cases are detected in the last seven days. Here, the return to the classrooms will be in weekly phases, as in Murcia, whose incorporation will be progressive. No type of material can be shared and each student will bring their own hydroalcoholic solution.

Navarre and Basque Country they contemplate a scenario based on several levels, depending on the health circumstances. There will be stable groups of coexistence with maximum student ratios. Same as in The Rioja. In addition, here, attendance is guaranteed at 100% in the first cycle of Secondary, and 50% in the second cycle, Baccalaureate and FP.


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