Due to the spread of the corona virus, the Expert Council of German Foundations for Integration and Migration (SVR) warns of a "humanitarian catastrophe" on the Greek islands. Germany and other European countries should identify as "coalition of the willing" protection needs Greece The SVR called in a position paper on the reform of European asylum policy that had been stalling for years. The Federal Government had to use its EU Council Presidency in the second half of the year to advance reform.
The Panel believes that pre-screening of asylum applications in Member States at the EU's external borders could contribute to faster and better procedures if they were carried out with the help of the UNHCR and the European Asylum Support Office (EASO). In addition, those responsible would have to clarify how vulnerable people could be distributed within the EU and how rejected asylum seekers could be returned to their home countries. A new EU asylum agency should help to harmonize procedural standards and improve the quality of asylum decisions.
Thousands of refugees are stuck on the Greek islands and also on the Turkish-Greek border. Inhumane conditions prevail in the crowded camps on the islands, numerous aid organizations have left in the meantime and left the people to their own devices. Overall live on the islands Lesbos, Chios, Samos, Leros and Kos currently around 40,000 migrants – with a capacity of 6,000 places. Germany and some other EU countries had agreed, at least
1,600 unaccompanied children and other migrants from the totally
The SVR also advocated that the EU and its member states should comply with the obligation to save human lives as laid down in international maritime law. Those rescued from distress would have to disembark more quickly and reliably and be accepted by Member States. Routes to regular migration to Europe should be expanded – this is also important to cover the need for skilled workers.