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The emergency has long been normal TIME ONLINE


Hi there, United Nations? Anybody there?

No. Almost no more. The UN also has in New York
go into self-isolation. The Security Council room is empty,
official consultations and back room negotiations are until further notice
called off. First member states have closed their representations, at
others only have emergency personnel present. UN Secretary General António Guterres
holds the position in the office and communicates via video conference

The Peacekeeping Operations Department has suspended the rotation of blue-helmet forces indefinitely, the general assembly their
. The World Food Program (WFP) and that
Refugee Agency (UNHCR) meanwhile are looking for ways, despite
Entry stops and collapsing air traffic employees
To transport aid supplies.

But the UN website continues to be updated daily
– and it helps to correct a vision defect that is currently widespread: Das
Coronavirus is Not the only
Crisis these days – and what the immediate threat to people
concerns, far from the worst. But because of its dynamism
endangers that virus the already overused international network
humanitarian aid. On the one hand because of its contagion, on the other hand,
because it has hit the global north after China. Are still there
the traditional donor countries for humanitarian crises. They are setting heaven now
Hell and money sources on the move – but most of all, their own
Protect economies from the fallout of the pandemic. Guterres suspects what's on there
the already shaken world organization could come. The "hierarchy of
Not ", which is now so laudably heated in Germany, is global
much steeper. Guterres has his deputy Amina Mohammed
commissioned to collect scenarios about the consequences of the virus for the
global inequality. Not just the immediate ones. Even the ones you are only in
will feel in the next few years.

How does social distancing work in crowded slums?

What the
most people in the global north for the first time and in relative terms
Experiencing mild form is part of everyday life for many in the global south:
Juggling multiple existential crises. Extreme social divisions, massive effects
of climate change, precarious jobs, rapid and haphazard urbanization, still
high rates of child mortality and malnutrition, medical care
as a luxury good only for the rich. This is the starting point in very broad terms
in that part of the world that is now – after China and the global north – a massive spread of the corona virus is expected next.

All the preventive measures that have become so familiar to us
are often absurd. Social Distancing in a poor neighborhood in
Manila, where six or eight people live in one room? Constant hand washing
in the favelas of Rio, where there is hardly any clean water? Drive-in corona tests
in the slums of Nairobi or in the competitive provinces in Yemen?

There is also something else: in 30 of the approximately 100 affected by Corona so far
Countries live larger groups of refugees in camps or slums. Most of these countries are in the global south. in the
Refugee camp Kutupalong in Bangladesh is currently crowding more than 900,000
Rohingya in tents and improvised huts in a confined space.

The Kenyan Dadaab with its three camps houses around
200,000 Somalis. Several hundred thousand Syrians live in Lebanon (over)
so-called informal settlements, Pakistan has more than a million
Afghans added
. Refugees are among the great survivors of the
World, but that does not change its "vulnerability", as it is in technical jargon
of the aid organizations is called. And that's the Corona pandemic again
increased exponentially.

The pandemic will not override the other crises

Not that the classic measures are of no use
would. Rwanda has equipped bus stops with portable sinks,
South Africa gatherings with more than 100 people are banned in Dadaab
additionally distributed soap – all in the hope of spreading the virus in
delaying the poorer countries as long as possible. Officially have
African states have so far only registered a few hundred infected people. Karl Blanchet, director of Center
for Education and Research in Humanitarian Action (CERAH)
, believes that the true number has long been much higher. South Africa
the infection rate is now beginning to accelerate visibly.

"Priority in these countries must have one thing above all,"
Blanchet said last Thursday in a video conference of several
Aid organizations
, "the protection of health workers". Face masks,
Gloves and protective suits for doctors, nurses and paramedics,
Disinfectants, test kits. Only: where from if the wealthier
Countries bought the market empty?

It is just like for the UN pandemic also for
international non-governmental organizations (NGOs) not just an additional crisis, but one that
slips on everyone else. Somalia, which has been in existence for decades
Disasters to another, alongside the Islamist Al-Shabaab militia, are fighting an acute drought and a plague of locusts. The country needs food aid, pesticides
and planes that spray them. Instead, helpers now have to worry about it
care, says Suze van Meegen, a member of the Norwegian Refugee Council in
Somalia how they get "humanitarian exemptions for entry bans".
Most international NGOs operating in Somalia have theirs
Aid housed in Nairobi. But Kenya has closed its borders to everyone
Foreigners from countries where corona cases are documented

More than ever, international NGOs so local
Support assistants. In itself, this is an overdue change. Just
they also need special protective equipment and, above all, specialist equipment

. (tagsToTranslate) Politics (t) Coronavirus pandemic (t) United Nations (t) Slum (t) Pandemic (t) Coronavirus (t) UN (t) Europe (t) Virus (t) China (t) NGO (t ) UNHCR (t) Somalia (t) Social Distancing (t) Nairobi (t) South Africa (t) Yemen (t) Lebanon (t) Rwanda (t) North America (t) Iran (t) Pakistan (t) Blue Helmet

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