Shortly before the Berlin Libya conference, Fajis al-Sarradsch, the head of the internationally recognized Libyan government, also decided to deploy foreign ones military voiced in his country. If renegade General Chalifa Haftar did not stop his offensive, "the international community would have to take action, including with an international force to protect the Libyan civilian population," said al-Sarradsch the Welt am Sonntag,
Such a force must operate "under the umbrella of the United Nations," said al-Sarradsch. Experts should advise who is taking part, "for example the EU or the African Union or the Arab League". Most recently, the EU's foreign minister, Josep Borrell, proposed a European Union protection force. The EU must be ready to implement and monitor a ceasefire in Libya to help – possibly with soldiers as part of an EU mission, Borrell said at the end of the week.
Protect the population from war crimes
Sarradsch said he welcomed an international military force, not because of the need to protect the government, but "to protect the Libyan civilian population, which has been bombarded continuously for nine months." In the attack on a refugee camp on the outskirts of the capital alone, around 50 refugees were killed in the summer. These are war crimes from which people have to be protected. Last April, Haftar went on the offensive
started against the Libyan capital Tripoli and was recently close to
she moved up. The renegade general had a start at a meeting in Moscow
of the week refused to sign an armistice.
Federal Foreign Minister Heiko Maas (SPD) had been rather cautious about Borrell's proposal to secure a ceasefire with an EU military operation. His impression from the talks of the past weeks was "so far not that the Libyans are primarily concerned with an international presence of troops," said Maas the Picture on Sunday, Nevertheless, Germany wants to continue to support the political process within Libya.
He contradicted Federal Defense Minister Annegret Kramp-Karrenbauer. The CDU boss said at the retreat of her party's board that she could not rule out a Bundeswehr operation in Libya. An armistice is a first step on the way to peace. "Then of course there will also be the question of how this is to be done and who will safeguard it."
USA against foreign troops
Before the talks began, the US said it was in favor of withdrawing all foreign troops from Libya. The conflict is widening and is increasingly resembling Syria, a State Department official said, according to journalists, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo Berlin accompanied. "We think all foreign troops should leave Libya," the government official was quoted as saying.
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) welcomes representatives of the states that influence the Libya conflict in the afternoon. In addition to the two Libyans competing for power, Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Russian President Vladimir Putin and US Secretary of State Pompeo are expected. Representatives from the UK, France, China, the United Arab Emirates, the Republic of the Congo, Italy, Egypt and Algeria also attended the meeting. The Tunisian President Kais Saied had only received Merkel's invitation on Friday. Tunisia canceled participation due to the late invitation.
There has been a civil war in Libya since 2014, since numerous political groups were unable to agree on a new system despite a general election three years after the fall of Muammar al-Gaddafi. The fronts are confusing and numerous local militias are involved in the fighting. The government in Tripoli is partially dependent on its support in order to be able to control at least the capital region. Both the government and Haftar have numerous foreign supporters. For example, Turkey, Italy and Qatar stand alongside Al-Sarradsch, while Russia, Saudi Arabia and France support Haftar to varying degrees.