According to an internal UN report, the Libya conference is scheduled for this weekend in Berlin achieve a permanent ceasefire and the consistent implementation of the arms embargo for the civil war country. According to the paper, the draft final communiqué is divided into six areas. These include a permanent ceasefire and the implementation of the repeatedly violated ban on the import of war weapons. The document also contains economic and security reforms.
Secretary-General António Guterres sent the letter to members of the UN Security Council before the summit. It is dated January 15th. Representatives from more than ten countries should also commit to a political process in the weekend, according to the report Libya to return and comply with international humanitarian law as well as human rights.
Chancellor Angela Merkel (CDU) welcomes representatives of the states that have an impact on the Libya conflict on Sunday afternoon. Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdoğan, Russian President Vladimir Putin and US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo are expected in Berlin. Prime Minister Fajis al-Sarradsch and General Chalifa Haftar, who are competing for power in Libya, are also expected to come to Berlin. Representatives from Great Britain, France, China, the United Arab Emirates, the Republic of the Congo, Italy, Egypt and Algeria also attended the meeting.
Greek Prime Minister Kyriakos Mitsotakis said disappointed this week that he had not been invited to the summit. "We have maritime borders with Libya and we should have been in Berlin," said Mitsotakis on Alpha TV. He threatened to block a European peace plan for Libya if a maritime border agreement was signed between the internationally recognized government Tripoli and Turkey will not be lifted.
The Green Party leader Annalena Baerbock has meanwhile also criticized that Greece and Tunisia were not invited to the Libya conference. "I think that's really a mistake," said Baerbock in an interview with the Südwestrundfunk, Tunisia, as a neighboring country, is behaving constructively. "And that actually punishes the countries that don't escalate, but that strive for peace that they don't take part in such conferences."
Final document "practically finished"
The European Union apparently closes too a military operation in the
north african country not from. Before the international conference, EU foreign policy representative Josep Borrell had the mirror said a bet
could help one armistice monitor in the country. The EU must be ready to implement and
to help monitor a possible ceasefire –
"possibly also with soldiers".
It can be concluded from the UN report that the draft of the final document has been prepared in the past few months in five preparatory meetings in Berlin with representatives from more than a dozen countries and organizations. "In my opinion, the final statements look practically finished," said Foreign Minister Sergei Lavrov. The federal government also said that officials from the countries and institutions involved had already agreed on "significant parts" of a statement.
In Libya there has been a fire break for six days, the Russia and the Turkey negotiated, but it is always broken. Talks of further peacekeeping in Moscow failed earlier this week after Haftar refused to sign an agreement that Sarradsch had already signed.
There has been chaos in Libya since the overthrow of long-term ruler Muammar al-Gaddafi in 2011. In April, militia under Haftar's command launched an offensive on the capital Tripoli, killing more than 2,000 fighters and more than 280 civilians, according to the UN. Around 146,000 people were forced to flee the fighting. According to an assessment by the Federal Foreign Office, Libya has "long since become a place for a proxy war". For example, Turkey supports the unity government of Sarraj in the conflict and, according to its own statements, had last dispatched soldiers. Hundreds of Russian mercenaries are believed to be fighting on Haftar's side, but Moscow denies it.
. (tagsToTranslate) Politics (t) Libya Summit (t) Libya (t) Berlin (t) Arms Embargo (t) Armistice (t) Tripoli (t) Turkey (t) Angela Merkel (t) CDU (t) Recep Tayyip Erdogan (t) Vladimir Putin (t) Mike Pompeo (t) Human Rights (t) UN