The Bundestag’s scientific service has expressed doubts that the US military’s targeted killing of Iranian general Kassem Soleimani by the US military international law is to be agreed. This emerges from an opinion that was commissioned by deputies of the left.
"According to the US administration's submissions, it is not clear why the killing of Soleimani in Iraq was absolutely necessary in order to ward off an acute danger to the lives of Americans ultima ratio," the report said. The drone attack "obviously does not meet the criteria for a 'final rescue shot'" and therefore appears to be in violation of the right to life laid down in the United Nations' civil pact.
Even Iranian retaliatory attacks are not covered by UN law
The scientists of the Bundestag the legality of the Iranian response. The Iranian government had also founded this on self-defense. On January 8, Iran launched missiles at Iraqi military bases, which are also used by US soldiers.
The right of self-defense under Article 51 of the UN Charter does not apply in this case, since the drone attack had already been completed at the time of the counter-attack, the report said. "Iran is not claiming an imminent US threat that could be countered by the missile fire. There is no reliable evidence that the US had planned to eliminate other members of the Iranian leadership."
Trump vs. Esper
In early January, the U.S. military killed Soleimani in a drone attack in the Iraq, The US government justified this with allegedly impending attacks on US citizens and embassies, but did not provide any evidence.
Discussions about disagreements in the Soleimani case in the government had US President Donald Trump rejected. Defense Secretary Mark Esper's statements regarding the evidence of Soleimani’s alleged attack plans had been interpreted as an opposition to Trump. After Trump claimed that Soleimani was "probably" planning to attack four US embassies, Esper admitted in a television interview with the US broadcaster CBS: "I saw none (evidence) of four embassies". However, he agreed with Trump on the threat situation, he added in a later CNN interview.
The tense situation in the Middle East has worsened since the general was killed. Leading Iranian politicians and the US president threaten each other with retaliation and further attacks.